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2 edition of Effects of implant surface topography on osteoconduction found in the catalog.

Effects of implant surface topography on osteoconduction

Dilcele Silva Moreira Dziedzic

Effects of implant surface topography on osteoconduction

by Dilcele Silva Moreira Dziedzic

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Published by Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto] in [Toronto .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (M.Sc.)--University of Toronto, 1995.

Statementby Dilcele Silva Moreira Dziedzic.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16997795M

The effect of adjuvant oral irrigation on self‐administered oral care in the management of peri‐implant mucositis: A randomized controlled clinical trial Bunk Daniel Eisenburger Michael. Results. Implant survival rates for of patients who were followed up for one year after loading were percent, percent and percent, respectively, for patients who did not have diabetes (n = 47), those with well-controlled diabetes (n = 44) and those with poorly controlled diabetes (n = 19). The authors considered the seven patients lost to follow-up as .

The effect of five mechanical instrumentation protocols on implant surface topography and roughness: A scanning electron microscope and confocal laser scanning microscope analysis Jae‐Kook Cha Department of Periodontology, College of Dentistry, Research Institute for Periodontal Regeneration, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea. Arndt Happe, Nicolas Röling, Andreas Schäfer, Daniel Rothamel, Effects of different polishing protocols on the surface roughness of Y-TZP surfaces used for custom-made implant abutments: A controlled morphologic SEM and profilometric pilot study, The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, /nt, , 5, (), ().

Osseointegration, the direct attachment of living bone to an implant surface, is necessary for the success of dental implant therapy. The surface topography of an implant influences cellular behaviour and osseointegration. In-vivo studies have shown that rough surface topographies are associated with accumulation of macrophages and subsequent bone formation (Chehroudi et . Surface topography and roughness influence the biological responses of osteoblast cells. For improved osseointegration of implants, researchers have assessed the impact of surface roughness at the micro-scale. Surface roughness not only increases the surface area but also triggers biological changes, such as the skeletal and morphological alteration of cells.


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Effects of implant surface topography on osteoconduction by Dilcele Silva Moreira Dziedzic Download PDF EPUB FB2

This emphasizes the significance of maintaining a certain degree of microtopography while increasing the nanotopographic complexity of the implant surface, and therefore demonstrates the predominant role of different scales of surface topography in the phenomenon of osteoconduction, which has recently been shown to be a critical determinant in the bone bonding behavior of the implant surface Cited by: Bone healing and the Effect of Implant Surface Topography on Osteoconduction in Hyperglycemia.

Article in Acta biomaterialia 10(1) September. Bone healing and the effect of implant surface topography on osteoconduction in hyperglycemia.

Ajami E(1), Mahno E, Mendes VC, Bell S, Moineddin R, Davies JE. Author information: (1)Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering, University of Toronto, College Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G9, by: Flat disks subjected to the same surface treatment as dental implants reproduced only the surface topography of the flat regions of the implants.

Discover the. The implant healing process - The surface composition, roughness and topography are interrelated surface characteristics that influence the biological response to an implant. In addition to HA coating, a number of biomolecules have been used to coat the surface of an implant to promote osteoinduction.

Large proteins or glycosaminoglycans such as collagen and chondroitin sulfate provide a biomimetic coating on the surface of an implant that can improve integration (Mathews et al., ; Rammelt et al., ). An ideal implant surface should impede bacteria and biofilm growth and adhesion while at the same time allow rapid connective tissue attachment.

A significant impact of the surface topography on. Suneel Kumar Srivastava, Barnali Ghosh (Pal), in Fundamental Biomaterials: Metals, Surface treatment of metal and alloy dental implants. The implant surface needs to be modified in order to provide fast osseointegration for short- and long-term success in the human body [6,80].Considering this, surface topographical features, such as rough or porous, oxidized.

A Macro roughened surface that is enhanced by a micro topography appears to have the best bone to implant contact and torque removal values in the literature.

The time line for osseointegration is improved allowing for patients to be restored at ealier time points when compared to Implant surfaces that do not have this dual characteristic.

Implant surface topography pays an important role in the osseointegration of titanium implants 55 and includes macroscopic, microscopic and nanometric characteristics of the implant surface. Introduction. Dental implants are becoming more widespread in daily practice.

There are numerous manufacturers of implants that offer greatly varying surface treatments (1,2).Surface treatment is vital for quick and lasting osseointegration ().Depending on the treatment applied, the topography will differ and the roughness parameters will vary (6,7).

The main idea behind the establishment of such a rough topography was to increase the surface area of the implant adjacent to the bone and to improve the cell adhesion to the surface, thereby achieving higher bone-to-implant contact and better biomechanical integrity (Oshida et al., ; Cooper, ).

Until now, extensive number of papers has. This description is the result of a mathematical modeling approach to understanding the effect of surface topography on the interfacial shear strength of bone at an implant surface.

This study indicates that topographic features conforming to a predicted ideal topography also impart biologic effects (bone formation) at the altered titanium surface. Implant surface microstructure and hydrophilicity are known to influence these properties.

Recent research has focused on several modifications of surface topography and chemistry aimed at improving bone formation to achieve faster and better healing.

Surface treatment alone does not determine the final microtopography of a dental implant, which can be influenced by implant design and the surgical procedure. This study investigated the effect of surgical placement of dental implants with same surface treatments on surface roughness.

Three implants (SIN) of each group with different macrogeometries (Strong. Impact of surface topography and coating on osteogenesis and bacterial attachment on titanium implants differentiation and osteoconduction.

91 Al-radha, D, Dymock, D. Surface properties of titanium and zirconia dental implant materials and their effect on bacterial adhesion. The importance of surface topography on engine friction and wear was emphasized by Taylor ().

The surface topography of cylinder liner, piston skirt or piston rings and the effect on engine friction and wear are discussed by Zhu et al. (), Pawlus (, ), and.

Compromised bone quality and or healing in osteoporosis are recognised risk factors for impaired dental implant osseointegration. This study examined the effects of 1) experimentally induced osteoporosis on titanium implant osseointegration and 2) the effect of modified implant surface topography on osseointegration under osteoporosis-like conditions.

The increased surface area at bone and implant contact would be of considerable advantage if osseointegration represents a cohesive bond between the implant and bone.

Surface topography also alters adherent cell production of significant cytokines and growth factors. HA Has a Minor Effect on Integration Hydroxyapatite and surface chemistry are not significant drivers for implant integration in light of surface porosity.

n=6±SD at 4 wks Walsh et al. J Biomed Mater Res (); Walsh et al. Spine (); Walsh et al. Invibio SPINE White Paper () S m o ot h P E E K S m o ot h Ti P E E K-O P TI M A H A S ur. model for implant surface topography effects on early osseointegration in the rat tibia model. The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 40– Albrektsson, T.

& Wennerberg, A. (a) Oral implant surfaces: part I – review focusing on topographic and chemical properties of different surfaces and in vivo responses to them.

The.Evaluating primary stability is important to predict the prognosis of dental implant treatment. Primary stability is decreased in a low bone density site such as osteoporosis. However, it is difficult to apply in small animal and the effect of the different implant surface topography for the primary stability at low bone density site has not yet fully been investigated.

Quantitative intravital confocal imaging reveals that changing the implant surface topography has a substantial effect on peri-implant neovascular morphogenesis.

Specifically, new blood vessels.